The Kyrgyz Republic is located in the eastern part of Central Asia; the area of the republic is 198,500 sq. km.

The territory of Kyrgyzstan is located within two mountain systems. Its north-eastern part with larger area lies within Tien-Shan and the south-western part – within Pamir-Alay. The state borders of Kyrgyzstan mainly pass along the mountain chains. Only in the north, north-west and south-west, in the densely populated Chu, Talas and Fergana valleys – along the bottoms of mountains and piedmont plains.

Kyrgyzstan has large deposits of coal, mercury, antimony, uranium, tin, zinc, lead, tungsten, wollastonite, rare-earth metals and nephelinic syenites. Antimony fields are famous for the high quality of raw materials.

There are dozens of iron fields in Kyrgyzstan, but they are underexplored.  Drilling works were conducted only on the Nadyr deposit (Kadamdjaisky district); the remaining ones were subjected to surface geological studies.

Only a few ore occurrences of manganese were identified in the territory of the republic. Dozens of deposits and ore occurrences have been registered in Kyrgyzstan.